How to choose a camera?

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cum sa-ti alegi o camera foto

If you are an amateur photographer and you want to move to the next level with a professional camera or you want to get the best out of your photos, then you will definitely have to buy a camera with interchangeable lenses. Are you probably wondering which type of camera is better, a DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex) or mirrorless?

  Quality and versatility are two major reasons for these types of cameras are used by professionals. Even though there are a large number of professional cameras for this type of market, there are still many DSLR and mirrorless cameras that are suitable for any type of photographers.

  DSLR and Mirrorless - differences
 

  There are many differences between the two types of cameras, both models have something important in common that distinguish them from other types of camera: you can change your goals. If you want to capture more details in the picture you can use a wide-angle lens; if you want to be closer to the action, use telephoto lens (images in the style of safari). There are many variations of lenses with prices starting at $ 100 and up to several thousand dollars. This is one of the reasons why you will need to have some money before you invest in a camera, because you will not only buy the camera but also an ecosystem of lenses depending on what you want to photograph.    

   Both types of cameras are on a par with each other, but for a few years now, mirrorless cameras have begun to arouse the interest and imagination of professional photographers. But the changes to the mirrorless models released on the market have forced the DSLR industry to move to the next level.

So what kind of room suits you? Read this guide to find out.

 

Camera DSLR

 
DSLR and Mirrorless - technical details

 

For the most part, the DSL camera uses the same design found in 35mm film cameras in the past. A mirror inside the body reflects the light coming from the lens into a prism (or other mirrors) and then into the viewfinder to see what you are about to shoot. When you press the button to take the picture, the inside mirror rises, the shutter opens and the light hits the image sensor that captures the final image. We will go through all the features and capabilities of a DSLR camera with the best beginner room, namely Nikon D3500

structura camera DSRL

A mirrorless camera uses another technology. The light passes through the lens directly into the image sensor, which captures a preview of the image on the display on the camera screen. Some models have a second screen that is used as an electronic viewfinder to look at. A good example of a mirrorless camera is the model Sony A6300 .

structura aparat Mirrorless

 
  Size and weight

 

  The bodies of DSLR cameras are much larger compared to mirrorless cameras because inside them we find the mirror and prism that are not met with mirrorless (hence the name). The body of the Nikon D3500, for example, is smaller than its predecessor, but is still about 7.5 inches larger before attaching its lens to the front. With the 18-55mm lens, the camera weighs about 680 grams.

  A mirrorless camera can be smaller than a DSLR because of its simpler construction. The Sony A6300 is approximately 4 cm thick and weighs approximately 793 grams with the 16-50 mm lens attached.

Winner: Mirrorless Camera
 

A mirrorless camera takes up less space than a DSLR camera, so you can add other equipment to your camera bag, such as other camera lenses.  

 

Geanta gear-uri camera foto


  Autofocus speed

Here, DSLR cameras used to be at an advantage over mirrorless cameras, because they used a technology called phase detection that measured the convergence of two light beams. Mirrorless cameras were restricted to a technology called contrast detection that used the light sensor to detect the highest contrast that co-existed with the focus. Contrast detection technology is slower (especially in low light) compared to phase detection.

This advantage no longer applies because mirrorless cameras now have both phase (contrast and detection) technologies in the image sensor and can use both to have fast autofocus. The Sony A6300, for example, has 425 focus points on phase detection technology. While the Nikon D3500 has 11 sensors on phase detection technology in its separate autofocus sensor, it uses the entire image sensor for contrast detection technology.

Winner: Draw

Both types of cameras provide fast autofocus, mirrorless cameras offer a hybrid sensor that uses both phase (contrast and detection) technologies on the sensor.

Images preview

With a DSLR camera, the "through lens" optical viewfinder shows you exactly what the camera will photograph. With a mirrorless camera, you'll be able to see a preview of the image on the screen. Some mirrorless cameras offer an electronic viewfinder (EVF) that reproduces an optical viewfinder.

When taking pictures outdoors, in good light, the on-screen or EVF preview of a mirrorless camera will be close to the final image. Instead, in some situations where the camera will "torment" (such as dim light or moving subject), the preview will suffer, becoming pixelated or shaky. This is because mirrorless cameras will have to slow down the speed at which the photo will capture more light, but it will still show you a preview. A DSLR camera, in contrast, will reflect your image directly in the eye, being better than a sensor, in low light.

DSLR cameras can mimic mirrorless cameras by lifting the mirror, resulting in a real-time preview of the image (usually called Live View). Most low-cost DSLRs have a slow focus with this mode enabled because they do not have a hybrid phase-detection sensor in the circuit and will have to use slower contrast detection technology to be able to focus.

Electric Viewer

However, one benefit that the electronic viewfinder (EVF) on the mirrorless camera has is that it can play a preview of the final image before taking a photo. If you increase the shutter speed or increase the shutter speed, what you see in the electronic viewfinder will change depending on the settings. Instead, because an optical viewfinder on the DSLR reflects light without changing the image, you rely more on the camera settings and your own experience to predict what the end result will look like (the final image). However, the new mirrorless cameras offer high quality electronic viewfinders, and the best of them can exceed the quality of what you can see through a DSLR sensor in challenging situations. You can electronically set the brightness and contrast of an EVF so you can see better in situations where the light is not very good.

So if you take pictures in good light, both types of cameras will do just as well. But if you take pictures in low light or other challenging conditions, a DSLR will make it easier to take pictures.

Winner: Draw

For the most common situations, both types of cameras will offer you the highest quality viewfinder. In low light situations, each type of camera will have its advantages and disadvantages.

Image Stabilization

The motion of the camera during shooting will result in blurred images, and the effect is amplified the longer the shutter speed or the more zoom. Both types of cameras offer image stabilization systems: the sensors measure the camera's movements, then the camera slowly moves either parts of the lens or the image sensor in the opposite direction to stabilize the image. Some mirrorless cameras also move the sensor and lens elements for higher stabilization.

The differences between the two approaches are minimal. The biggest advantage of sensor stabilization is that all types of lenses can be used. The stabilization with the help of the objectives only works with objectives that have the integrated technology, thus being more expensive. However, most modern cameras can handle minor camera movements to reproduce a clear image, but they cannot compensate for larger movements.

However, there are some exceptions. Mirrorless cameras like Olympus OM-D EM-10 Mark II and SONY A7R Mark II offers 5-axis stabilization, a technology not yet found on DSLR cameras. This feature has made professional cameramen change their preferences to state-of-the-art mirrorless cameras due to lighter and clearer footage. However, given the high price of these rooms, which start at 2000 euros, they are often out of the area for most buyers.

Winner: Draw

Image stabilization technology is very good for both types of cameras.

Aparat foto DSLR

    BONUS

 

  How to choose a memory card for your DSLR or Mirrorless camera

 

Almost all cameras produced today use an SD (Secure Digital) memory card. If you just bought a new camera, you will want to buy an SDXC memory card with storage space between 64 and 128 GB, which will allow you to take thousands of pictures and you can record videos of modest size. Where you need to be careful, though, is when you take RAW pictures. This image format is larger than JPEG, and can fill your storage space very quickly.

Here are some useful information for choosing a memory card suitable for your camera.

Before purchasing a memory card, it is best to read in the camera manual or on the website, which card model is compatible with your camera type.

SDXC format (price between 20 - 600 euros): They are the latest types of cards with storage space between 64 and 512 GB. If you shoot you can look at the following features:

- If shooting in HD resolution, check if your card is Class 10, U1 or V10;

- If you are shooting in 4k resolution, check if your card is at least Class U3 or V30;

SDHC format (price between 4 - 100 euros): It is an older version of the card compared to the SDXC format. The available storage space is between 4 and 32 GB.

- If shooting in HD resolution, check if your card is Class 10, U1 or V10;

- If you are shooting in 4k resolution, check if your card is at least Class U3 or V30;

SD format (less than 5 euros): It is the oldest memory card format, which can reach up to 2 GB of storage space. Not even recommended for HD resolution videos.

  Image Quality

 

Both categories of cameras can take high quality pictures, with the same resolution and the same amount of "graininess", called noise. The smaller image sensor on the mirrorles cameras meant poorer image quality (because it didn't capture as much light), but that's not the case now. Camera manufacturers have been able to produce much more sensitive processors and better suppress the noise level in the picture. In addition, many mirrorless camera manufacturers, such as Sony, use the same sensor technology (APS-C) found in most DSLR cameras..

  Winner: Draw
 

With approximately the same sensors and the same light processors, both types of cameras take high quality photos.

 

camera Mirrorless

 
  Video Quality

 

Focus Sensors integrated circuit, the latest mirrorless cameras are generally more suitable for filming. DSRL cameras cannot use phase detection technology with a high mirror while recording video, so they will have to use slower and less precise technology, namely contrast-detection. This leads to the known blur-blur aspect, during recording, when the camera begins to hunt for perfect focus. However, some DSLRs like the Canon 80D or Rebel T6i have phase-detection technology on the sensor.

Increasingly, mirrorless cameras can shoot 4K or Ultra HD with four times higher resolution than HD images. Currently, only state-of-the-art DSRL cameras, such as the Nikon D7500 and Canon EOS 5D Mark IV, shoot 4k or Ultra HD. However, video professionals, if they use a still camera (on a tripod), tend to use cameras. DSLRs because they have access to a wide variety of state-of-the-art goals. Autofocus is not a problem for such recordings, as professionals can focus early, knowing exactly where the subject (person) will be.

  Winner: Mirrorless Camera

 

 

With superior autofocus on almost all models, mirrorless cameras will deliver better results for most directors.

 

Aparat Mirrorless pe trepied

  Shooting speed

 

Both types of cameras have technologies that can take pictures at high speeds and can capture a burst of images quickly. Except for high-tech DSRL cameras, mirrorless cameras have a plus: Due to the missing mirror, it is easier to make image after image. Although they do not have the mirror, most mirrorless cameras still use a mechanical shutter, where a physical shutter rises to expose the image, which has better results. However, they also have the option of using an electric shutter (setting only how long the sensor reads the light), which means it will shoot faster and with lower noise.

  Winner: Mirrorless Camera
 

The simplified mechanism of mirrorless cameras allows them to take more pictures per second at higher speeds.

  

Camera foto mirrorless Sony

  Showing pictures and videos

 

Both camera types can play back images on the built-in screen or via HDMI output on the TV. Many rooms now have Wi-Fi included to send pictures directly to your phone or to post online directly from your device.

  Winner: Draw
 

Both camera types offer a large screen and video output, some with Wi-Fi to download images directly to your phone.

  Battery life

 

In general, DSRL cameras offer a longer battery life, because they can take pictures without the need for an LCD or electronic viewfinder, both of which consume a lot of battery life. However, the batteries will hold the same for both types of cameras if you use the LCD screen to view photos, which also consumes a lot of battery. However, all models of cameras, both DSLR and Mirrorless, will come with removable batteries that you can buy for backup.

  Winner: DSLR camera
 

DSLR models offer the ability to take pictures without an LCD screen or EVF viewfinder, which can extend battery life.

  Camera lenses and accessories

 

Choosing a DSLR camera gives you access to a wide range of lens manufacturers, from the cheapest and the most affordable to the professional and very expensive. Mirrorless models are much more restrictive, giving access to a smaller number of lenses from the manufacturer, however their number increases.

Sony offers more than three dozen E-Mount lenses, for example, while Nikon has hundreds of lenses available for their DSLRs (Canon also has hundreds of lenses as well). However, at the moment, Canon has only seven types of M-series lenses valid for their line of mirrorless cameras.

  Winner: DSLR camera
 

DSLR cameras offer a wider range of lenses, but the difference between the two types of cameras narrows rapidly as more and more mirrorless lenses are available. Moreover, many believe that mirrorless lenses are better optimized with their cameras, because many older DSLR lenses lack the latest technology.

 

Obiective aparat DSLR

  Durability

 

If you regularly venture into the wild, you should look for a model that has an extra level of protection. Both DSLR and Mirrorless models are increasingly offering this, with alloy body and described as being weatherproof, which means they can be resistant to bad weather or splashes of water.

  Winner: Draw
 

Both types of cameras offer models resistant to such situations.

  Conclusion

 

In conclusion, mirrorless cameras have the advantage of being lighter, more compact, faster and with better video quality; but nevertheless they have access to fewer lenses and accessories and have a higher purchase price. DSRL cameras have the advantage of having a wider selection of lenses, a better price for beginners and a better optical viewfinder.

For starters, the mirrorless camera is often a better choice because of their size and simpler controls. Mirrorless cameras also have more chances of having a touch screen than a DSLR camera for the same money. However, as you increase your budget, the difference between the mirrorless camera and the DSRL camera is no longer so great, with the mirrorless camera having a small advantage. That being said, if you don't want 4K shooting, a professional photographer who wants access to a wide range of lenses and other gear may find it useful to use a DSLR camera.

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